Schengen Agreement Eu
The Schengen Agreement, also known as the Schengen Area, is a treaty signed in 1985 between five European countries aimed at abolishing internal borders and establishing a common visa policy. Today, the agreement includes 26 European countries, all members of the European Union except for four (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein).
The Schengen Area is named after the small Luxembourg village where the agreement was signed. It allows for the free movement of people within its borders, meaning that once a person enters a Schengen country, they can move freely within the area without any passport or border control. The agreement also establishes a common visa policy, with a uniform visa application process and a list of countries whose citizens need a visa to enter the Schengen Area.
The Schengen Agreement facilitates international travel and trade, as it eliminates the need for time-consuming border controls and visa checks. It also boosts the economies of the countries involved, as it allows for more efficient and cost-effective trade and tourism.
However, the Schengen Area has faced several challenges in recent years, mainly due to the increased migration flows and security concerns. In response, countries within the area have introduced temporary border controls to manage the influx of refugees and migrants, which has been a controversial move and has raised questions about the sustainability of the agreement.
In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic caused a temporary suspension of the free movement of people within the Schengen Area, as countries introduced travel restrictions and border controls to prevent the spread of the virus.
In conclusion, the Schengen Agreement is a fundamental treaty for the European Union, allowing for the free movement of people and goods within the area. However, the challenges it faces in the current political and social climate emphasize the importance of balancing the benefits of open borders with the need for security and control.